Elizabeth Spelke, William Hirst, & Ulric Neisser. Skills of divided attention: Psychology OnLine.Net

Elizabeth Spelke, William Hirst, & Ulric Neisser. Skills of divided attention

Elizabeth Spelke, William Hirst, & Ulric Neisser. Skills of divided attention
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15.10.2013 (Правка 15.10.2013)

The study of divided attention has a long history. Most early psychologists, like their contemporary counterparts, believed that consciousness could only be directed to a single activity at a time. Conscious attention to two different actions performed at the same time was thought to be possible only if they were coordinated into a single, higher-order activity, or attended to in rapid alternation. Otherwise, it was assumed that at least one of them was being carried out ‘automatically’, without conscious control (James, 1890; Woodworth, 1921).




Описание Two subjects read short stories while writing lists of words at dictation. After some weeks of practice, they were able to write words, discover relations arnong dictated words, and categorize words for meaning, while reading for comprehension at normal speed. The performance of these subjects is
not consistent with the notion that there are fixed limits to attentional capacity.
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